Our Guide to the CBD
Whether you are an amateur or an expert, we provide you here with the essentials to improve your knowledge of the world of CBD. Mysterious and complex, this thousand-year-old natural product is arousing enthusiasm and curiosité́ around the world.
Then embark on a journey full of discoveries and let our experts guide you!
History of hemp and cannabis
The abbreviation CBD comes from cannabidiol, a molecule extracted from Cannabis Sativa, the famous hemp. On the other hand, this soothing active ingredient has no psychotropic effect because it contains no or very little THC, unlike marijuana, which contains high proportions of THC. The recreational and therapeutic applications of marijuana differ according to the legislation of the countries. Apart from CBD, in France hemp is also used in the textile industry, construction, cosmetics and food production.
Hemp, cannabis, or Cannabis Sativa, is a genus of flowering plant that grows natively in many parts of the world, especially in tropical and humid areas, as well as in mountainous regions. It is a versatile plant that has been regularly cultivated by many human groups.
In fact, hemp and marijuana are very similar plants since they belong to the same species (Cannabis Sativa), although they are varieties originating from different crosses and selections. Both plants belong to the same genus, but there are important differences in terms of morphology and active ingredients. Thus, the main difference remains that marijuana is a type of cannabis that has been cross-bred and selected to increase the concentration of THC or tetrahydrocannabinol.
Hemp through the ages
Hemp was therefore one of the first plants cultivated by man, as its use by human groups can be traced back to about - 8000 BC. In the Neolithic period, hemp was used for its strong fibers and nourishing seeds, while its resin had virtues considered medicinal. The use of hemp is then recognized in various societies and eras, whether in ancient Egypt where it was used to soothe inflammations, in ancient China where it was used to produce strong and resistant fibers used in the manufacture of clothing and ropes, but also as a medicine, or in the Middle Ages, when Charlemagne encouraged the production of hemp because of the multiple uses of its fiber (to make sails or ropes for boats for example).
In modern times in France, hemp was at the heart of the naval military economy and was used to make sails, ropes and ladders. During the first industrial revolution, hemp was gradually replaced by new synthetic fibres, such as nylon, but the recent revival of industrial hemp in Europe is a strong trend. This is due to strong environmental policies, the obligation to recycle and the significant drop in the production of non-recyclable materials. France remains Europe's largest producer of hemp, with about 50 000 tonnes of total production per year.
The plant was also used in other parts of the world, notably in America. In the United States, cannabis was openly prescribed as a medicine until the twentieth century; it was often consumed in tinctures and has become legal again in many states in the twenty-first century.
The different varieties of plants
The many advances in recent years (with breeders increasingly genetically manipulating the plants) have made it possible to go far beyond the "classic" cannabis classification of the three varieties called sativa, indica and ruderalis. The morphological differences between the three species are the most visible, sativa plants are often large, with few branches and easily reaching heights of more than two meters, with narrow, light green leaves. Indica plants, on the other hand, are smaller and bushy, densely branched, with large dark green leaves. Finally ruderalis plants are much smaller than sativa and indica plants, with small thin stems and large leaves. Another difference is that ruderalis plants flower according to age, rather than exposure to light.
All these plants have in common that they contain cannabinoids, but in different concentrations. For example, indica and sativa plants generally contain high concentrations of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), a psychoactive compound generally associated with cannabis, while ruderalis plants generally have higher concentrations of CBD (cannabidiol). However, while cannabis breeders regularly cross different plants to create new varieties with distinct properties, there are many hybrids between sativa, indica and ruderalis on marché́ today. As a result, indica/sativa varieties with high CBD content can be found, as well as ruderalis plants with high THC content.
There are several ways to extract CBD from the rest of the plant:
- With liquid solvents (butane, isopropyl alcohol, ethanol, hexane...)
- With CO2 with a closed-circuit extraction system
- With vegetable oil (olive oil in particular)
Regardless of how it is absorbed, CBD remains a great natural product that helps you take care of yourself while helping to reduce the effects of a wide variety of health problems. Numerous studies now prove the many therapeutic uses and beneficial effects of CBD.
However, while some manufacturers of CBDs present it as a miracle recipe, a solution to every ailment encountered or a panacea for cancer, Perfect Time® does not claim that this is the case. We encourage consumers to use the CBD moderately and responsibly, whether to manage anxiety, insomnia and chronic pain, or - as we encourage - simply to enjoy a relaxing, quality time alone or with friends.